Juvenile Delinquency Reviewer 3
Probable Sources of Board Exam Questions in Juvenile Delinquency
1. Victimless Crimes - refers to offenses where there is no
private offended party.
2. Youth Rehabilitation Center - refers to a 24-hour residential care
facility managed by the Department of Social Welfare and
Development (DSWD), LGUs, licensed and/or accredited NGO's
monitored by the DSWD, which provides care, treatment and
rehabilitation services for children in conflict with the law.
3. Youth Detention Home - refers to a 24-hour child-caring
institution managed by accredited local government units (LGU's)
and licensed and/or accredited non-government organizations
(NGO's) providing short-term residential care for children in
conflict with the law who are awaiting court disposition of their
cases or transfer to other agencies or jurisdiction.
4. Status Offenses - refers to offenses which discriminate only
against a child, while an adult does not suffer any penalty for
committing similar acts. These shall include curfew violations,
truancy, parental disobedience and the like.
5. Restorative Justice - refers to a principle which requires a
process of resolving conflicts with the maximum involvement of
the victim, the offender and the community.
6. Recognizance - refers to an undertaking in lieu of a bond
assumed by a parent or custodian who shall be responsible for
the appearance in court of the child in accordance with the law,
7. Offense - refers to any act or omission whether punishable
under special laws or the Revised Penal Code, as amended.
8. Law Enforcement Officer - refers to the person in authority or
his/her agent as defined in Article 152 of the Revised Penal
Code, including a barangay tanod.
9. Juvenile Justice and Welfare System - refers to a system
dealing with children at risk and children in conflict with the law,
which provides child-appropriate proceedings, including programs
and services for prevention, diversion, rehabilitation, re-integration
and aftercare to ensure their normal growth and development.
10. Intervention - refers to a series of activities which are designed
to address issues that caused the child to commit an offense.
It may take the form of an individualized treatment program
which may include counseling, skills training, education, and
other activities that will enhance his/her psychological,
emotional and psycho-social well-being.
11. Initial Contact With the Child - refers to the apprehension or
taking into custody of a child in conflict with the law by law
enforcement officers or private citizens.
12. Diversion Program - refers to the program that the child in
conflict with the law is required to undergo after he/she is
found responsible for an offense without resorting to formal
13. Diversion - refers to an alternative, child-appropriate process of
determining the responsibility and treatment of a child in conflict
with the law on the basis of higher social, cultural, economic,
psychological or educational background without resorting to
formal court proceedings.
14. Deprivation of Liberty - refers to any form of detention or
imprisonment, or to the placement of a child in conflict with the
law in a public or private custodial setting, from which the child
in conflict with the law is not permitted to leave at will by order
of any judicial or administrative authority.
15. Court - refers to a family court or, in places where there are no
family courts, any regional trial court.
16. Community-based Programs - refers to the programs provided
in a community setting developed for purposes of intervention
and diversion, as well as rehabilitation of the child in conflict with
the law, for reintegration into his/her family and/or community.
17. Child in Conflict with the Law - refers to a child who is alleged
as, accused of, or adjudged as, having committed an offense
under Philippine laws.
18. Child at Risk - refers to a child who is vulnerable to and at the
risk of committing criminal offenses because of personal, family
and social circumstances.
19. Child - refers to a person under the age of eighteen (18) years.
20. Best Interest of the Child - refers to the totality of the
circumstances and conditions which are most congenial to
the survival, protection and feelings of security of the child and
most encouraging to the child's physical, psychological and
emotional development. It also means the least detrimental
available alternative for safeguarding the growth and
development of the child.
21. Bail - refers to the security given for the release of the person
in custody of the law, furnished by him/her or a bondsman, to
guarantee his/her appearance before any court. Bail may be
given in the form of corporate security, property bond, cash
deposit, or recognizance.
22. R.A. No. 9344 - The Act creating the Juvenile Justice and
Welfare Act of 2006.
23. Article 40 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the
Child - the State recognizes the right of every child alleged as,
accused of, adjudged, or recognized as, having infringed the
penal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the
promotion of the child's sense of dignity and worth, taking into
account the child's age and desirability of promoting his/her
24. R.A. No. 9344 should be construed liberally in favor of the child
in conflict with the law.
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