Forensic medicine - the science that deals with the application of medical knowledge to legal question.
Clinical Forensic Medicine - involves an application of clinical methods for the administration of justice.
Paulus Zacchias - father of legal medicine as well as father of forensic psychiatry.
Medical Ethics - deals with the moral principles which should guide members of the medical profession in their dealings with each other, their patients and the state.
Medical Etiquette - deals with the conventional laws of courtesy observed between members of the medical profession.A doctor should behave with his colleagues as he would have them behave with himself.
Hippocrates - father of medicine, discussed lethality of wounds and formulated medical ethics.
Forensic Pathology - deals with the study and application of the effects of violence or unnatural disease in its various forms in or on the human body, in determining the cause and manner of death in case of violence, suspicious, unexplained, unexpected, sudden, and medically unattended death.
Pathology - is the precise study and diagnosis of disease.
Pathologist - a medical doctor who conducts an autopsy.
Autopsy - post mortem examination of a corpse.
Other names of an autopsy
1. To find out the time of death.
2. To find out the cause of death.
3. To find out the manner of death, whether
accidental, suicidal or homicidal.
4. To establish the identity of the body.
5. In new born infants, to determine live birth or
Exhumation - is the digging out of an already buried body from the grave.
Disease - is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism.
Cadaver - also called corpse, is a dead human body.
Carcass - dead body of an animal.
Injury - is damage to a biological organism which can be classified on various bases.
wound - is a type of injury in which the skin is torn, cut, or punctured or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion.
Classification of wound
Classification//Categories of open wounds
Classification/Categories of closed wound
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Ante Mortem - before death.
Post Mortem - scientific term for after death.
Cadaver tag - an identification tag attached to the cadaver containing tag number, name if identified, date/time and place of recovery, date/time of incident, gender, other pertinent information and name of the investigator.
In articulo mortis - at the point of death.
Rigor mortis - stiffening of the body after death.
lividity - process through which the body's blodd supply will stop moving after the heart has stopped pumping it around the inside of the deceased.
Necrophagus - this type of organism feeds directly on decomposing tissue.
37 degrees celsius or 98 degrees fahrenheit - average body temperature.
4 Categories of Death
Death - cessation of all biological functions that sustains a living organism.
Causes of death
Signs of death
Other Names of cadaveric Spasm
1. Instantaneous rigor
2. Cataleptic rigidity
3. Instantaneous rigidity
4. Death grip
5. Post Morten spasm
When does the stiffness of death begin to disappear? after 36 hours.
What is the rate of temperature change to a body after death? after one hour,body temperature drops 1 to 1 1/2 degrees per hour.
Dying Declaration - is a testimony that would normally barred as hearsay but may nonetheless be admitted as evidence in certain kinds of cases because it constituted the last words of a dying person.
Nemo Morituros Praesumitur Mentiri - a dying person is not presumed to lie.
Zombie - an animated corpse brought back to life by mystical means such as witchcraft.
Coffin Birth - (post Morten fetal extrusion) - is the expulsion of a non viable fetus though the vaginal opening of the decomposing body of a pregnant woman as a result of the increasing pressure of the intra abdominal gases.
Code of Hammurabi - King of Babylon (4000 to 3000 BC) is the oldest known medico legal code.
Bologna, Italy - where the first medico-legal autopsy was done.
Bartolomeo de Varignana - conducted the first medico-legal autopsy in Italy in 1302.
Fortunato Fedele - an Italian physician who in 1602 published the first book on forensic medicine.
Inquest - is the legal or judicial inquiry to ascertain a matter of fact.
Euthanasia - (mercy killing) - it means producing painless death of a person suffering from hopelessly incurable and painful disease. It is not allowed by law in the Philippines.
Malingering/Shamming - means conscious, planned feigning or pretending disease for the sake of gain.
The Rule of Haase - is used to estimate age of fetus.The length of the fetus in cm. divided by five, is the duration of pregnancy in months.
Forensic Entomology - is the use of insects and their arthropod relatives that inhabit decomposing remains to aid in legal investigations.
What are the 5 stages of insect development?
5. Adult fly
What are the 2 methods of biological forensics are concerned with? entomology and DNA.
Residence time - this defines how long an insect colony has been at a corpse.
The body farm - used for entomological experiment.This place exists at the University of Tennessee.
Definition of Terms: Next Page
Related Readings: Forensic Medicine
1. Forensic Medicine Definition of Terms
2. Questioned Document Definition of Terms