Juvenile Delinquency Definition Of Terms
4 Major Theories That Explain Existence Of Delinquency
Age Of Enlightenment – 18th century.
Borstals – Youth Custody Centers and detention center.
Cesare Lombroso – Father of Criminology.
Common Detected Young Persons Crime
Critical Theory – explains that delinquency is the by product of social arrangement.
Defendant Child – Is one who is without a parent, guardian or other custodian or one whose parents, guardian or other custodian for good cause desires to be relieved of his care and custody.
Delinquency – Acts against norms, mores of society.
Deviancy – Is a stage of human existence where one has ceased to believe in love whereby the child ends up bitter, empty, lonely, resentful and in most cases emotionally infantile.
Edwin Schur – Radical Non Intervention – if a child commits an offense, he should be left alone.
Emancipation – Liberty from parental authority.
Emotionally Disturbed Children – Are those who although not afflicted with insanity or mental defect are unable to maintain normal social relations with others and the community in general due to emotional problems and complexes.
Etiology – Delinquency
Family Home – Constituted jointly by the husband and the wife or by unmarried head of a family, is the dwelling house where they and their family reside and the land on which it is situated.
Hedonism – Pleasure, highest goal of man's life.
Hedonistic Calculus – Process of weighing pleasure and pain.
Idea Of Determination – Any act committed awaits an explanation to the natural world.
Jeremy Bentham – Introduced punishment of imprisonment.
JJS – Juvenile Justice System
Juvenile – person/Minors/Youth whose mental and emotional faculty has not been fully developed.
Juvenile Delinquent – Person commits any act of delinquency.
Juvenile Diversion – Offender is removed from JJS and diverted to other government programs.
Labelling Theory -
Neo-Classical Theory – Modified the classical theory, excepted the child and lunatics from punishment.
Parental Authority/Partia Potestos – Rights and obligations which parents have in relation to the persons and property of their children until their emancipation and even after this under certain circumstances.
PD 603 – Child and Youth Welfare Code – Approval – Dec.10,1974
Effectivity – June 10,1975
Police – Prime mover of JJS
- Backbone of CJS
Poverty – Means the condition of that group whose income is low, therefore, the standard of living is not enough to maintain normal health and efficiency.
Some Causes of Poverty Which Could Be One Of The Causes Of Crime
RA 8669 – Law which created the family court.
Truancy – Frequent Absences
Types Of Delinquents
William Bonger – Social Conflict Theory – society is composed of the ruling class and the ruled class.
Young Offenders Fall Into Two Categories
- Is one who is over 9 years but under 18 years of age at the time of the commission of the offense.
Zones Of Peace – Children trapped in an armed conflict based on RA 7610.
1. Human Behavior and Crisis Management
2. Penal Management