Criminal Jurisprudence and Procedure
The Board of Examiners for Criminologists in the Philippines is created for the purpose of regulating the practice of Criminology.It has the power to issue, suspend, or revoke certificate of registration for the practice of criminology and to administer oath.All applicants for registration as criminologists shall be required to undergo and examination.
The examination shall be in writing and shall cover the following subjects with their respective relative weights.
Subjects Relative Weight
Criminal Jurisprudence and Procedure 20%
Law Enforcement Administration 20%
Correctional Administration 15%
Criminal Sociology 15%
Ethics and Human Relations 10%
Criminal Jurisprudence and Procedure is further subdivided into:
1. Criminal Law 1 - Study of the Revised Penal Code book 1,
special criminal statutes, Presidential Decrees, and
Letters of Instructions.
2. Criminal Law 2 - Study of the Revised Penal Code book 2
3. Criminal Procedure - Study of the Rules of Court and Criminal
Procedure covering the law on arrest, search and
seizure, Preliminary Investigation and the granting of bail to an
accused person; Rights of the accused person
during the trial and the manner of prosecution of criminal
offenses; Procedures in arraignment and trial and
discharge of one of several defendants as state witness; Rules
governing arrest without warrant and the use of
firearms in case of resistance to an arrest; Study of court
decisions regarding arrest and search and seizure.
4. Criminal Evidence - Study of the fundamental principle of
criminal evidence as embodied in the rules of court.
1. Filed by a private party.
- a corporation
- an individual person
losses caused by their actions.
- no incarceration
1. Misdemeanors - less than one year of incarceration
2. Felonies - sentence of one year or more.
During the times of the Romans, a criminal charge meant presenting the case before the public.Both the person accused of the crime and the accuser would give speeches based on their side of the story.The individual with the best argumentation would determine the outcome of the case.
1. Filed by the government
2. Penalty: a guilty defendant is punished by
- incarceration in jail or prison
- fine paid to the government
- execution (death penalty)
Criminal Law (Book 1): Next Page